Euthanasia is the conscious, deliberate and voluntary medical procedure by which a patient`s life ends at the terminal stage (i.e. without expectation of improvement) in order to spare him more suffering and pain.  See, for example, Dworkin`s “The Right to Death,” The New York Review of Books vol. XXXVIII, No. 3 (31.1.1991) later included in Chapter 5 of his Freedom Act. The Moral Readings of the American Constitution, Oxford University Press, 1996. Also the realm of life. A Discussion on Abortion, Euthanasia and Individual Freedom, Ariel, Barcelona, 1994. For this interpretation, see Manuel Atienza, “Dworkin, Euthanasia and the Idea of the Law”, La mirada de Peitho, 11.11.2013. It is a simple reminder of what euthanasia is and that it should be part of the general culture.
But if we don`t want to do an isolated analysis, we need to contextualize it. And in this way, we will better understand what we© are talking about, at least in our cultural world. 3. The struggle for the right to autonomy: decriminalization or constitutionalization of euthanasia and assisted suicide? Although we usually think of the end states when we talk about euthanasia, its legalization would make it accessible to anyone exposed to extreme pain, whether physical or mental, which is irreversible. This includes, for example, someone who has an incurable disease. Or, for example, someone who is paraplegic and does not want to live in this situation. 8. Euthanasia already exists in Spain. Better to regulate However, the question is not as simple as it seems at first glance. To understand what the “decriminalization” of euthanasia in Spain means, the first thing you need to know is how it will be punished.
And the second, to be aware that we not only want to decriminalize them, but transform them into a right, with the obligations that flow from the health system (public and private) towards those who request euthanasia. Euthanasia usually creates tension when it comes to people with disabilities: there is a risk of pointing to disability as something that makes life less dignified. Along this lines, the UN has proposed that disability should not be the reason why a dignified death is made possible or justified, as it stigmatizes.  This does not mean ignoring the fact that there are good arguments for claiming that it is property whose ownership must be extended to non-human sentient animals capable of being aware of the harm of the loss, an argument that Bentham famously advanced. In this article, we present nine reasons for decriminalizing euthanasia and nine possible correlative responses to each of these reasons. But first, it is necessary to clarify what we mean by euthanasia. Both those who defend euthanasia and those who oppose it invoke respect for dignity. But they mean different things by “human dignity.” The former understand, as we have seen, that the dignity of a life lies in consciousness and health; The latter, on the other hand, defend that dignity does not depend on what happens to you, but on your attitude to what happens to you. Euthanasia is the provocation of the death of a patient, according to his request, by administering drugs or toxins in lethal doses.
The procedure is already legal in seven countries around the world and, in some cases, in two other countries. In Spain, where Congress approved the practice in March, legalization came after a long debate. Euthanasia is already practiced in Spain. In fact, as we have already said, very few cases have been brought before the courts in the last five years, and almost all of them have led to impunity for those responsible. Those who defend euthanasia appeal to dignity. The essence of dignity, they say, is autonomy, the ability to decide for oneself. It is also contrary to dignity to force people to die in inhumane conditions, because of prolonged suffering caused by a disease that inevitably leads to death. In short, the more complete the health and self-knowledge, the more worthy human life is. Pain and incurable diseases lead to a deterioration of one`s own dignity. “Although it is said that euthanasia is only used on request, that is, if it is voluntary, it also begins to apply to unconscious or newborn people.
This is a logical consequence of the loss of the legal relevance of the `life` of the legal good,” Lafferriere analyzes.